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Lower Midline Incision
In urology, a lower midline incision is used for an extraperitoneal approach to the prostate, bladder and distal ureters. In case of unexpected intraoperative situations, a lower midline incision can be easily extended.
Preoperative Patient Preparation
- Patient positioning: supine position with slight hyperextension of the lumbar spine
- General anesthesia
- Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis, if the urinary or gastrointestinal tract is entered or if risk factors for a wound infection are present.
Surgical Technique of a Lower Midline Incision
- Skin incision see fig. lower midline incision
- Cut through the subcutaneous fat tissue and expose the rectus sheat
- Division of the linea alba and fascia transversalis. Blunt dissection of the Retzius' space.
- Using blunt dissection, the peritoneum is pushed superiorly and medially to expose the iliac vessels, spermatic cord and ureter.
Lower midline incision
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